FUNDAMENTALS OF OCCLUSION AND MASTICATORY FUNCTION

Aim: Craniomandibular dysfunction is an expression of the dysfunctional masticatory system. It may have diverse risk factors, like occlusal interferences, including traumatic amalgam fillings and other fillings.

The article aims to present three cases of craniomandibular dysfunction    generated by occlusal interferences.

Methodology: Three patients with different forms of craniomandibular    dysfunction were referred to dentist for evaluation and treatment.

Results: Occlusal interferences were identified as the main risk factor for uncoordinated hyperactive muscles and for craniomandibular dysfunction diagnosed in three cases presented. After occlusal correction, muscular dysfunction disappeared.

Conclusions: In case of reasonable suspicion of craniomandibular dysfunction, an estimate for the detailed clinical and possibly instrumental diagnostics and optionally (grinding teeth guare/bite splint-) pre-treatment has to be. Only after pre-treatment definitive treatments can be planned and carried out.

Keywords: craniomandibular dysfunction, occlusal interferences, masticatory function

 

Authors: Georg B. Meyer, Olaf Bernhardt, Marian-Vladimir Constantinescu
DOI: https://doi.org/10.25241/stomaeduj.2014.1(2).art.6

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