We need tough teachers!

Dear Readers,
Following the classical set up of a university according to Humboldt, a University Professor should teach, perform research and service (in practically oriented professions). Teaching is divided in the undergraduate level and graduate level. Both are academic categories of education with the inherent objective that an academic should have the knowledge of his/her profession to be able to participate in the profession’s development in the future. This is why in many nations, especially for the so called liberal professions (Physicians, Pharmacists, Lawyers, Architects and Engineers) professional organizations are allowed to participate or even to create and enforce their own professional laws. At graduate level the objective is to train future professors. If no one else, then they should be the ones with the deep knowledge to guide the profession into the future based on the results of their research[…]

Jean-François Roulet




Laudation in Celebration of our Mentor on his 55th birthday, Professor Georgios E. Romanos

Professor Romanos is a fascinating personality, globally renowned for his qualifications and skills in Periodontology, Oral Surgery, Implant Dentistry, Prosthodontics and Laser dentistry. He is an example of an internationally oriented leader in clinical dental sciences and related research. He got his DDS degree in Greece (1987); he then joined the Free University of Berlin, for advanced training in Periodontology and completion of his Doctoral degree (magna cum laude) on the distribution of collagen types in the healthy periodontal tissues of rats and monkeys (Marmoset)[…]

Fawad Javed, Rafael Delgado-Ruiz




Effect of acidic/alcoholic beverages on surface roughness of composite resins light-cured in different times


Resin-based composits (RBC) are successfully used for the direct restoration of anterior and posterior teeth due to their simplified adhesive protocols, improved esthetic and adequate physical properties. Moreover, patients’ priorities have shifted to highly esthetic restorations in both the anterior and posterior region[…]

Citation: Ozan G, Mert Eren M, Ozel Yildiz S, Șar Sancakli H, Yildiz E. Effect of acidic/alcoholic beverages on the surface roughness of composite resins light-cured in different times. Stoma Edu J. 2019;6(4):221-229


The influence of saliva contamination on universal adhesive bonding to enamel and dentin

Adhesion is the attraction of two different surfaces placed into direct tight contact determined by intermolecular forces that act at a relatively low distance [1]. The name adhesive indicates a material, most frequently a viscous fluid that joins (bonds) together two substrates and favours the transfer of forces from one surface to another [2]. […]



Citation: Stoleriu S, Iovan G, Nica I, Pancu G, Andrian S. The influence of saliva contamination on universal adhesive bonding to enamel and dentin. Stoma Edu J. 2019;6(4):230-236


Smoking and recurrent aphthous stomatitis

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a very common disease of the oral mucosa. It is called minor aphthous ulcers, herpetiform ulcers, aphthosis and many other names. Aphthous ulcers can occur alone or as part of a syndrome [1]. RAS occurs only in non-keratinized mucosa as painful, shallow round ulcers with an erythematous halo covered by a membranous layer […]


Citation: Obradović RR, Igic M, Mitic A, Pejcic A, Todorovic K, Popovic Z. Smoking and recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Stoma Edu J. 2019;6(4):237-240


Evaluation of bone mineral density using Cone Beam Computed Tomography

The amount of bone tissue is called bone mineral density (BMD)[1]. Assessment of BMD is necessary in many clinical conditions such as oral systemic diseases, implant planning and it also has an important role for the stability of mini-implants as anchorage [2,3]. Computed tomography (CT) is a diagnostic method before performing dental implant. It allows accurate three-dimensional evaluation of anatomical structures of the bone[…]




Citation: Nazari MS, Tallaeipoor AR, Nucci L, Karamifar AA, Jamilian A, Perillo L. Evaluation of bone mineral density using cone beam computed tomography. Stoma Edu J. 2019;6(4):241-247



Role of the maxillary tuberosity in periodontology and implant dentistry: a review

The maxillary tuberosity (MT) is a bony region located bilaterally on the upper jaw that is posterior to the most distal molar roots. It is often characterized by its prominent rounded appearance that bulges outward from the face of the maxillary bones around the maxillary sinus. The tuber region is comprised primarily of spongy cancellous osseous tissue – specifically categorized as a combination of type III and IV bone with abundant marrow [1,2][…]



Citation: Montanaro N, Martins da Rosa JC, Pereira LAV, Romanos GE. Role of the maxillary tuberosity in periodontology and implant dentistry – a review. Stoma Edu J. 2019;6(4):249-259



Digital workflow for virtually designing and pressing ultra-thin lithium disilicate veneers for esthetic rehabilitation of fractured maxillary incisors – a case report

Working with ceramic restorations in the anterior region is still a great challenge. The number and variety of ceramic materials are increasing, offering thinner wall thicknesses with better physical and optical properties and a wide range of options when a patient needs an esthetic rehabilitation of the maxillary anterior teeth and smile. On the other hand, the patients’ expectations are growing regarding not only the esthetics of the restoration but also the predictability and visualization of the treatment plan […]


Citation: Dankó M, Böröczky A, Kovács ZI, Borbély J, Hermann P. Digital workflow for virtually designing and pressing ultra-thin lithium-disilicate veneers for esthetic rehabilitation of fractured maxillary incisors – a case report. Stoma Edu J. 2019;6(4):261-270


Gold Standard in Occlusion Control – OccluSense®
by Dr. Jean Bausch GmbH & Co. KG.

While attending the 2019 IDS I had the opportunity to get direct knowledge of the most advanced instruments, devices and appliances for dental practice.
At the stand of Dr. Jean Bausch GmbH & Co. KG, the owner of the company, André Bausch and his daughter, presented to me and my father the new OccluSense® BK 5000 system for instrumental occlusal analysis. The OccluSense® system combines traditional and digital recording of the distribution of masticatory forces on occlusal surfaces […]

Florin-Eugen Constantinescu